DENTAL PROSTHESIS TREATMENTS
The health of our teeth is always important. When we lose teeth or when you lose oral hygiene due to various reasons in our mouth, this both disturbs you and causes you to have social problems. In this case, you need to see your dentist to regain your oral health. Applications made to regain oral health in dental problems are included in the field of prosthesis treatment. Now, “What is prosthetic treatment? How is it done? What are the types of prostheses? ” Let’s explain in detail.
Prosthetic treatment; It is a specialty of dentistry, which covers applications to regain your oral health when you experience tooth loss or damage to the tissues in your mouth. Prosthesis can be briefly defined as applications that enable the reuse of the missing or non-functional areas in the body of people after they lose their function. In the field of dentistry, prosthetic treatment is a method used in tooth loss or gum problems. If you have lost teeth or are late for gum problems, you should definitely consult your dentist for prosthesis treatment.
If patients experience tooth loss, different problems arise. In case of loss of one or more teeth, different effects may be experienced depending on the condition of the patients. Some patients may experience more than one tooth loss in this situation. In case of large gaps in your mouth, tooth loss begins to cause discomfort. Untreated tooth losses reveal gum diseases over time. If left untreated, chewing difficulties are experienced and oral care becomes more difficult day by day.
There are many methods to be used in prosthetic treatment. Now we will touch on prosthetic treatment methods.
What Are Prosthetic Treatment Methods?
Dentists decide on the type of prosthesis by examining the tooth loss of the patients. The choice of prosthesis type during this treatment varies according to the patient and the problem experienced. Prostheses are generally examined in two groups as removable prostheses and fixed prostheses. Prosthesis types have some differences in treatments. The material and structure of the fixed prosthesis and removable prosthesis are different. While only doctors can insert and remove fixed prostheses, patients can also put and remove removable prostheses.
Prosthesis treatment methods are as follows;
- Fixed Dentures
It is the most common type of prosthesis used by dentists. If a few teeth are missing in the patient’s mouth, a fixed prosthesis is applied. Neighboring teeth or implants are used while making a fixed prosthesis. Fixed prostheses can be preferred for those who have tooth loss.
Thanks to fixed prostheses, chewing is produced from materials resistant to external influences. In addition, fixed prostheses made of aesthetically suitable material are also biologically compatible. Fixed prostheses can be examined in two different groups, with or without metal support.
Metal-supported prostheses have a strong structure in the mouth. However, since these prostheses are not close to natural appearance, they may cause aesthetic problems. In order to eliminate this situation, ceramic fixed prostheses are produced. Dentists recommend ceramic applications aesthetically.
- Removable Dentures
Removable dentures; It is applied in two different ways as movable and semi-mobile. Semi-removable dentures are made with teeth on the sides. In other words, prostheses are applied to the teeth by crying. You can wear and remove these prostheses. Semi-removable prostheses are placed using wires or holders.
Since removable prostheses are easy to attach and remove, they are both a solution to tooth loss and are practical. The only negative side of these prostheses is that food residue can accumulate in the lower part. Patients should pay attention to oral care in semi-removable prostheses.
While explaining the question of what is prosthetic treatment step by step, let’s talk about prostheses applied for patients who have no teeth in their mouth. Removable dentures can be applied to patients who have no teeth in their mouths. These prostheses can cause discomfort in small movements. It may also cause problems by playing in the mouth spontaneously. If patients do not get used to it, dentists usually recommend changing to fixed prostheses.
Removable and fixed prostheses can also be made with different applications. Let’s look at some other types of prostheses made in removable and fixed prostheses.
What are Implant Prostheses?
Implant prostheses; They are prostheses that are inserted by finding support from implants instead of your natural teeth. These prostheses can also be applied differently.
Fixed Dentures On Implants
They are prostheses that can serve as crowns and bridges, which are attached by taking support from one or more implants or fixed by screwing. It is applied in areas where you have few teeth missing because it does not damage the neighboring teeth that are intact. Implant fixed prostheses can be made of metal, ceramic or zirconium.
Implant Removable Dentures
Implant removable prostheses are an application performed with 2-4 implants placed in the jawbone for patients with no teeth. These prostheses are supported by both implants and tissues. By using a small number of implants in the highly resorbed jawbone, the problem of displacement of removable prostheses can be solved.
Hybrid prostheses; It provides ease of transition to fixed prosthesis for patients using removable prosthesis after the development of implant technology. Fixed prostheses, called hybrid prostheses, are treatments that patients can use very comfortably. Hybrid prostheses can only be removed by the physician. The patient cannot remove these prostheses.
How to Care for Dentures?
What is prosthetic treatment, We answered the question in detail. However, after having the prosthesis, you should also take care of it. Although the prosthesis makes a significant contribution to oral health, there are some cases that need to be considered after it is installed. Dental prosthesis care You should pay attention to the following applications while doing;
- In order to protect oral health, you should clean the food residues left in the prosthesis after each meal.
- Use soft brushes, liquid soap or normal soap when cleaning. It is also recommended to use cleaning tablets once a week with daily cleaning.
- When cleaning the prosthesis, do your cleaning by keeping it close to the sink or on a container with water to avoid falling or breaking it.
- Brush all over your prosthesis with gentle force while cleaning.
- The biggest mistake in prosthesis care is to put it in hot water. Avoid soaking your prosthesis in hot water.
- If you are using fixed prostheses, you should prefer specially produced dental floss.
- When you keep your removable dentures in chemical liquids, you should wash them with water.
- For removable dentures, you should buy chemical cleaners that are sold specifically in pharmacies.
- Stain, tartar and tartar should be cleaned on your prosthetic teeth.
- You should have your dentist regularly check your prosthetic teeth.
Eating and Chewing After Denture Treatment
Chewing after denture treatment and in terms of eating, we can say the following;
- It can be difficult for you to eat with full dentures. At least 1-1.5 months should pass. In the first stage, you may experience difficulties in chewing.
- Avoid eating meat, nuts, raw vegetables or fresh bread for the first time. Choose soft foods that can be cut into small pieces.
- Do not bite the front teeth for the first time. In this case, the prosthesis can move.
- The feeling that your prosthesis has moved while drinking water will go away after a while.
- It is recommended that you remove the bones of foods such as chicken, fish and meat on your plate and chew them.