What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics; It is the specialty of the branch of dentistry that diagnoses and controls the harmony relations of incompatible and perplexed teeth, tries to prevent this situation and treats it.
Why do orthodontic problems occur and how are they treated?
Disorders such as lower jaw being forward or backward are decided according to the age of the patient. If the patient is in adolescence and the lower-upper jaw structure is present, it can be treated with orthodontic techniques. If the patient is an adult, the treatment of skeletal disorders is carried out in cooperation with orthodontics and surgery. Depending on the functional disorders, for example; Jaw incompatibility may be observed in situations such as mouth breathing. Since the upper part of the chin will be narrow in a person who breathes mouth, it will be in V form.
Habitual situations such as using a bottle and false pacifier for a long time, finger sucking, nail biting may cause orthodontic disorders. These habits should be treated as early as possible.
It is important to prevent these habits at an early age in terms of completing skeletal development.
Situations such as the tongue being larger than it should be in terms of structure and the presence of extracted tooth cavities also cause spacing in the teeth. If the jaw structure to which the teeth are attached is small and the teeth are large; teeth do not fit in the jaw and crowding occurs.
Early or late loss of milk teeth can also cause crowded teeth. Instead of the milk teeth that fell out of the mouth before its time, the permanent tooth in the mouth slips into this cavity. Since the teeth that need to come out from there cannot find a place for themselves, perplexity occurs.
How much is orthodontic treatment necessary?
Orthodontic treatment is not only aesthetic concern, but also aims to prevent gum diseases that may be encountered in the future, to prevent problems in the jaw joint, to provide chewing functionality and to eliminate this problem for individuals with speech disorders.
According to the current orthodontic problem in the mouth, treatment methods can be determined with removable appliances, functional appliances and fixed appliances. Simple orthodontic problems that are not at an advanced stage can be solved with rubber movable appliances that the patient can wear and remove.
It is of great importance that reinforcement treatments are not neglected in order to reverse the treatment and prevent deterioration after the end of the priority orthondotic treatments. For this period, different appliances working passively can be used.
Orthodontics branch works in constant cooperation with other branches of dentistry.